[114] A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. (2015). In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. Porirua, Upper Hutt, and Lower Hutt, all outside of the Wellington City Council area, are included in the Wellington main urban area definition. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. [102], Redcliffs Primary School, then located at 140 Main Road, right under the cliffs, was moved to Van Asch Deaf Education Centre, 4.5 km from the main site soon afterwards. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. Marian College did not return to the original site in Shirley but instead moved to a site at Cathedral College on Barbadoes Street. "Christchurch earthquake" redirects here. CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. [93][94], Landslides occurred in Sumner, crushing buildings. [222], New Zealand Cricket's offices were damaged by the earthquake. The earthquake … [216][217] Avonside Girls' High School returned to its original site at the start of 2012. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. "[119] It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 1951 waterfront dispute. After Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (2017) ©travelieu.com Christchurch, New Zealand Backdrop. Sydenham Heritage Church and the Beckenham Baptist Church were heavily damaged, and then demolished days after the earthquake. [194] Prince William, made a two-day trip to the country to tour the areas affected by the earthquake,[195] attended on the Queen's behalf and made an address during the service. [256][257][260] It is predicted that the people who are displaced experience the worst of the damage, and therefore the reported levels of PTSD and depression are often lower than they would have been had the displaced citizens been available to collect data from. [68] By mid-2019 early design and stabilisation work had begun. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. The most relevant of these events occurred on September 4, 2010, February 22, 2011, and June 13, 2011. Christchurch City has experienced widespread damage, ongoing disruption and building demolitions resulting in many difficulties for the residents of the Christchurch area. Before Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (2010) Christchurch, New Zealand Backdrop. The quarter final matches were moved to Auckland. The International Rugby Board and the New Zealand Rugby World Cup organisers announced in March 2011 that the city would be unable to host the World Cup matches. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. [78] St Elmo Courts has been damaged in the September 2010 earthquake and the owner intended to repair the building, but further damage caused by the February 2011 event resulted in a decision to demolish, which was done the following month. [246], EQC cover for domestic premises entitles the holder to up to NZ$100,000 plus tax (GST) for each dwelling, with any further amount above that being paid by the policyholder's insurance company. [237], In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. [46] Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. [52] On 28 February 2011, the Prime Minister announced that there would be an inquiry into the collapse of buildings that had been signed off as safe after the previous earthquake on 4 September 2010, "to provide answers to people about why so many people lost their lives. The largest two earthquakes, magnitude (M) 7.1 on September 4th and the M 6.3 on February 22nd 2011 caused immediate and significant damage to the city of Christchurch. [251], On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. [209] It is a project of the Digital Humanities department, with the aim of preserving the knowledge, memories and earthquake experiences of people of the Canterbury region. 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. NSW Task Force 1, a team of 72 urban search and rescue specialists from New South Wales, Australia was sent to Christchurch on two RAAF C-130J Hercules, arriving 12 hours after the quake. [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. [120] The New Zealand Red Cross launched an appeal to raise funds to help victims. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. [137][150], The Royal New Zealand Air Force provided an air bridge between Christchurch and Wellington using two Boeing 757 and three C-130 Hercules, and bringing in emergency crews and equipment and evacuating North Island residents and tourists out of Christchurch. In April 2013 the Government estimated the total cost of the rebuild would be as much as $40 billion, up from an earlier estimate of $30 billion. [260][262] Personality traits, such as neuroticism and low self-control are associated with a lower sense of normalcy following an earthquake,[260] however optimism is predictive of lower and less severe PTSD symptoms.[260]. On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June. The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. [258][262] It's thought that natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are able to induce these positive effects because they affect an entire community, in comparison to an event that targets only an individual. [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. [22] The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world,[24] and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake,[25] and the highest in a vertical direction. [82][83], The Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament was also severely damaged, with the towers falling. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. Regional … September 4th Earthquake 2010. OBJECTIVE: In September 2010 Christchurch, New Zealand, was struck by a 7.1 magnitude earthquake, followed by a prolonged sequence of significant aftershocks including a fatal aftershock in February 2011. [254], In March 2013 a researcher at the University of Canterbury said after the quake, residents – particularly women – turned to comfort food and began eating unhealthily. [69] Since 15 August 2013 the cathedral congregation has worshipped at the Cardboard Cathedral. [174] [71] The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. [210][211] Some students relocated to other centres – by 5 March, a total of 4879 Christchurch students had enrolled in other schools across New Zealand. Canterbury earthquake sequence, specifically data from the GeoNet database of processed strong motion station recordings (geonet.org.nz) and the extensive site investigation data that has been collected by researchers and practitioners throughout Christchurch over the past several years (see Canterbury Geotechnical Database, . [241] Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. [55] As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. The Canterbury earthquake sequence is an on-going earthquake sequence, which started with the M7.1 Darfield earthquake on 4 September 2010. The primarily wilderness all-volunteer search and rescue organisation, LandSAR, deployed 530 people to the city to perform welfare checks. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. The scale of the destruction all but defies belief when we can appreciate only too well how difficult it must have been struggling to come to terms with last year's horror ... Our deepest sympathy and constant thoughts are with you and all New Zealanders. A clustered sequence of earthquakes beginning with the 1994 M w 6.7 Arthurs Pass earthquake and including the 1994 M w 6.0, 1995 M w 6.0, and 1995 M w 6.2 Cass earthquakes occurred with epicentres < 40 km apart in the eastern Southern Alps (Fig. [76][77], The Carlton Hotel, a listed heritage building, was undergoing repairs after the September 2010 earthquake damage when the February 2011 earthquake damaged the building further. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. The proposals were heavily criticised for relying on incorrect information,[218] leading one school, Phillipstown Primary, to seek a judicial review over its proposed merger with Woolston Primary. 6 2. Smoking prevalence increases following Canterbury earthquakes. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.[119]. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. [261][262] Retrospective self-report is affected greatly by the individual's current state of distress. The Australian Government also pledged A$5 million (NZ$6.7 million[175]) to the Red Cross Appeal. [256][257][258][259][260][261] Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The ground motions from these events were recorded … Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. The Pacific and the Indo-Australian plates have a fault line running along between them. Welfare Centres and support networks were established throughout the city. [79], The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.[14][80]. 380,000) was hit by four major earthquakes and thousands of aftershocks. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. The three M≥6.0 aftershocks included the devastating M6.3 Christchurch earthquake on 22 February 2011, which resulted in 185 deaths and extensive damage. [115], The nationalities of the deceased are as follows. [200] The Royal Commission made a total of 189 recommendations and found that the Canterbury Television building should not have been granted a building permit by the Christchurch City Council. Executive Summary “Recovery after great disaster is always complex, takes a very long time, and never occurs fast enough for affected residents” 1. Both COGIC, French Civil Protection and the American USGS requested the activation of the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters on the behalf of MCDEM New Zealand, thus readily providing satellite imagery for aid and rescue services. [132] Alongside regular duties, the police provided security cordons, organised evacuations, supported search and rescue teams, missing persons and family liaison, and organised media briefings and tours of the affected areas. [48] A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. [133] They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand[134] Taiwan and Israel.[133]. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. Û3ç ˜ùT=*HMžúŽü†¸Wx™³C?ü'žì£k†!S{&\à›š~~24¼¯ŒN^Ö H¹Œ>va¸’àâSÆzÿ8„íƩ׌Ò5¯TÀ Å#z§J¨cŽýŠ Æ3»Y[êI4½&3!>ky3t)éñßBœ\~+þ)ˆY–ÚpÝñTII-¥! Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. [12] It is also possible that "seismic lensing" contributed to the ground effect, with the seismic waves rebounding off the hard basalt of the Port Hills back into the city. It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. 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