Dictionary of ICT Terminology A Absolute Link: A term used by Web authors. it was possible to break off the lip moulding by pushing the drawer in too hard. Runner – The strip of wood on which a drawer runs. To be distinguished from inlays by the fact that design is veneered on to a carcase and not cut into the solid. lf presented on a solid surface, known as a ‘blind’ fret. Linings – The interior parts of a drawer. Bead – small half-round molding carved to resemble a string of beads or pearls, Bentwood – wood softened by steam and shaped for chair parts. Cam lock A complete locking assembly in the form of a cylinder whose cam is the actual locking bolt. Below is a list of terminology very often used in antique furniture in alphabetical order. Applied Carving . Attended in July 2019. In mahogany furniture the applied mouldings are nearly always cut along the grain. Buffet – a term loosely used to describe a piece of furniture of the sixteenth and seventeenth century used as a sideboard, with open shelves supported on bulbous turned members. Cam Usually a tongue fixed to the end of the plug of a cylinder lock or latch. Amorini – Cupids or cherubs used in decoration. It was in the walnut period that the crossgrained mouldings in small pieces, which generally shrink slightly apart and yellow so beautifully with age, came into their own. Bulbous – heavy / bulb looking turned wood supports and bases. �8�)�����#�y��;�֛=��[�}�V;}����6.4�ˌ۟xk���=<61N9�ӵ���E���;����%6�4� wɽ) Also called bearer, dead metal. Baluster – turned vertical column straight, spiral, vase-shaped, etc. Stretcher – The wooden connecting strut between legs of tables and chairs. Domestically it seems to have been common to oil furniture, but beeswax polishing with a brush was employed also. Strapwork – Carved decoration used originally in the oak period from mid-sixteenth to mid-seventeenth century but again in Chippendale period. Popular in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century as well as in Adam designs. material. Read on for their explanation of designer jargon and consider making use of these words the next time you find yourself in a design chat. �rө�Y?\��MybpYY�Z6rCYX�VM 9�p��B8��~��hF)sdwq�?�[1��(j�2{_��C���K`��|zzc1�Cx�&eC^�e�%;5��2 ª{�(P�-��uę�0��������Gw��d �l���Np�r[�5���= N k��$���n��4�k/��ᘕZf��@#8��ס��}|)T�!|u�O�QL��4�؊fl H�j s�#����E/���n-�ۙ�a��)ȣ�_�\. Acanthus – A leaf design used to ornament furniture in carving. Used for border decoration. Faux Leather / Leatherette From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bolection moldings – ogee-shaped molding which are proud of the panel or wall they are applied. Swag – A decorative form shaped like a hanging festoon, often made up of husks or flowers. Also called ‘featherbanding’. Interior design is a world unto itself and just like other professions, it has its very own language. Inspired by the classic stitching on a baseball, this stitch is a design feature and often contrasts with the upholstery of a sofa, loveseat, or chair. Ovolo – A moulding form of a convex quarter-circle section. Spandrel – A decoration used in square corners, usually on clock dials to fill the space between curved chapter ring and the corners. Trestle. Ceilings are equally as ornate, with gilded … Chamfer – A bevelled edge used to lighten the effect of a piece of furniture. Veneer – A thin sheet of wood which can be cut from the tree in several ways. Varnishing in the modern sense was also used, many inferior woods being varnished dark brown in order to resemble mahogany. Bow Front – the front of the piece follows the curve of a circle rather than a straight line. Furniture terms and Descriptions. Bracket foot – a simple shaped foot with a straight corner edge and curved inner edge. Acanthus leaves have a curved shape and somewhat ruffled edges making it very decorative. These Terms and Conditions will not apply to small (“T84”) (next day delivery) furniture products (e.g. Frieze – The surface below a table top or the part of a cornice consisting of the flat surface beneath the top moulding. Rule Joint – An edge joint found on drop-flap tables from the seventeenth century, but pretty well superseding other plain joints in the eighteenth century. From the Victorian period paper thin veneers came into use and were obviously attractive because of the saving in wood. Hairy Feet – Derogatory slang for fine carved paw feet, mainly after Hope and Smith, c.1820. Curvilinear is a great catch-all word for describing any piece of decor or furniture that has bold, beautiful curves. Also called a bench stop. The inverted heart shape was much used in the furniture of this style and bronze beaten plaques were also popular as decoration. It took the form of clustered columns in mahogany furniture, with small double collars turned to look like bamboo joints, or, later, single columns so turned. A Victorian-style dining room is complete with regal light fixtures like over-the-top chandeliers and often features a majestic and ornately decorated sideboard. Shell – The shell, or scallop, was a popular decorative motif in the walnut and early mahogany period, covering the years from 1700 up to c.1770. Initially it is probable that a vertically veneered front with simple diagonal grain crossbanding – a sort of half herring-bone – was used. Patina – The deny surface shine or gloss produced by years of undisturbed polishing and rubbing. In an HTML document a Relative Link indicates the location of a file relative to the document, whereas an absolute link specifies the full URL. Again used in Adam designs and also during the Regency period. Also loosely used to describe the top of a night table. Are there times when you go to buy furniture and do not understand the FURNITURE TERMINOLOGY? Bombé – French term for a swelling or bulging shape. Cavetto – A hollowed, concave moulding of quarter-circle section. %PDF-1.2 Originally these veneers were hand cut with a saw and were fairly thick – up to an eighth of an inch. Lowboy – A term, probably of American origin, now used to describe a dressing table or side table usually on cabriole legs. Cabochon – design motif found often on the knees of chairs of the early mahogany period – c.1740, consisting of a ball shape usually surrounded by leaf ornament. Terms On This Page. Lacquer – Lacquer furniture was popular from an early date, being originally imported during the sixteenth century but becoming more popular during the seventeenth. If any definitions still seem hard to envision, check out the examples for each. Active program or window - The application or window at the front (foreground) on the monitor. B. A type of leaf used as a carving motif since ancient times. Walnut furniture of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century was initially brushed with oil varnish to provide a surface for polishing with wax. • functional furniture e.g. Caryatid – A carved female figure used as decoration or support, i.e. Accent Furniture - Any piece of furniture placed to add decoration to a room or to compliment another piece (or pieces) of furniture. Gadrooning – A carved edge of repetitive shapes usually convex curved form. Used with mahogany and rosewood as decoration and usually a mark of quality. Also called the skirt, Arabesque – Moorish ornamentation of interwoven floral and geometrical scrolls –  “Arabian”, Arcading –  arched decoration seen on chair backs and carved on panels. The foot is usually of claw form and this type of support is of Regency period. Also: Top Rail or Cresting Rail – usedbto describe the top wooden member between the uprights of a chair back. Newspaper terminology Masthead/title piece the newspaper’s title displayed on the front page. Spanish or Cuban mahogany was either rubbed with linseed oil or wax and often stained with alkanes root or some other dye to obtain the red colour then very popular. Break-front – a term usually applied to bookcases and descriptive of a center section which protrudes out beyond the line of the sides. Concurrent with the lip moulding the cockbead appeared. © 2020 Wakefield-Scearce Galleries. Use our glossary to better understand furniture designs, styles, methods and materials used to construct furniture. See bun foot. It looks like this book is on our website merchantnavymemorialtrust.org.uk. Application - a program in which you do your work. Anthemion –  Another decoration, this time like the flower of the honeysuckle. Caning – first used in chairs in the mid-seventeenth century, i.e. On the best walnut furniture the mouldings were always cut across the grain, although those along the sides of a piece of furniture might be cut along the grain on lesser quality pieces to save time and money. This was in use from c. 1680 to c. 1710. During the second half of the seventeenth and early eighteenth century the number of dovetails increased but they remained fairly crude and large. Cabinet lock A generic term to include all locks of any type for use on pieces of furniture, such as cupboards, drawers, chests, boxes and the like. They could be cut along the grain of the wood to give a straight, plain effect without much figure, or across the branches to form oysters. 1. Also used to describe the curve of a broken pediment cornice. This helped to seal off the wood and provide a bright hard finish. Its use seems to have declined after the William and Mary period (1689-1702) and was revived again in the late eighteenth century. View Thompson & Morgan's glossary of gardening terms and take the jargon out of gardening. Synonym of secretaries. Commode – A term borrowed from France and used from the mid-eighteenth century to describe a piece of furniture for use in principal rooms. Support of a piece of furniture PDF - reading online is now much... Beeswax polishing with a saw and were obviously attractive because of the acanthus leaf commonly used ornament! Very helpful if you are interested in antiques and want to learn and understand styles! Again in the proposed floorplan varnish to provide a surface for polishing with a straight corner and... Sometimes used as decoration usually longer than it is most frequently found in accounts. 1930S characterised by bold geometric designs since ancient times and furniture construction be necessary in both and. 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